Creating a small garden involves making use of every centimetre of space, and using visible tricks to make the garden seem bigger. The plan for a small garden should be millimeter accurate as there is no area for adjustment if the plan is found to be incorrect when constructing the garden.
Many people think a plan is not necessary whenever they are landscaping a very small garden, whereas the absolute opposite is true.
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It really is especially important to prepare a plan exactly where space is limited to ensure that the completed garden meets the practical specifications and looks great too. Preparing a detailed garden design plan will certainly ensure all the functional areas would be the correct size for their purpose and will fit into the garden. A good garden style plan allows you to check that the garden works before you approach landscaping contractors and start spending money. Some well-prepared 3-D visuals bring the garden to life and assist you to see how the garden will feel once it is constructed. The garden model and images are the final check that the spaces all work in harmony with one another ensuring that the garden is a comfortable, relaxing area in which to spend time.
When designing a little garden a simple layout with clear lines and strong geometric forms works best. The design should not be overly challenging. If curves are required a main circle which can be either lawn, planting, paving or a path is better than fussy freehand curves.
Although it is luring to scale down the garden features to prevent cluttering the space this will result in a clutter of insignificant elements that does the exact opposite. Including a single vibrant structure like a chunky pergola or a rendered blockwork wall around a seats area creates a sense of enclosure, introduces a touch of drama and holds focus inside the garden. Textured surface finishes like slate or pebble cladding can be used on courtyard walls to add interest and also stop the limitations from becoming overbearing.
Wooden constructions like pergolas and arches enable vertical planting and provide height. A heavily planted pergola placed against a boundary wall blurs the edges of the garden and suggests extra space beyond. Paint a black rectangle on the wall at the end of the pergola to suggest a good entrance to another garden area over and above the wall to increase the feeling of depth in the garden. Another extremely good way to add height and drama to a garden is to include a tree. A well-chosen tree will give immediate internal focus to the backyard as well as adding an essential 3-D component. There are small trees suitable for even the tiniest garden.
A gate set to a wall or fence surrounded with climbing plants creates the particular illusion that the garden continues beyond the boundaries. A well-executed trompe l’oeil doorway painted on a wall framed with evergreen planting and climbers is a simple, fun way to add interest and give the appearance associated with more space. Using diminishing size pots, plants or statuary, or narrowing a path as it approaches the boundary will create a false perspective that makes the garden seem bigger.
Level changes like steps, raised beds, or a raised pool provide the garden an extra dimension, make it show up more interesting and distract attention away from the boundaries. Raised beds and retaining walls for private pools can also double as seats if they are between 450mm and 600mm higher. Creating extra useable space within the garden by introducing features which have a dual purpose it even more useable as well as more attractive and this automatically gives the illusion of more space.
Using contrasting colours is another method to suggest that the garden extends beyond the actual boundaries. A pale wall with a door-sized rectangle painted within a darker colour framed by some climbers and planted pots looks like a passageway. Contrasting flower plus foliage colours are also effective for producing interest, contrast, directing focus plus adding the illusion of extra depth.
When there isn’t much ground area using the vertical space helps to supply more visual interest without messing up the garden. Some ways of doing this consist of attaching planters to walls, dangling baskets and troughs from fencing posts or mounting them across the top of fence panels.
In a small garden is it essential to use a restricted plant palette – too many different plant species will make the space seem busy and closed in. It is also important to make clever use of all of available planting space. Climbers are an easy way to introduce greenery without taking on valuable space, and shrubs such as Garrya elliptica, Fatshedera lizeii and Itea illicifolia, Ceanothus and Rhamnus alaternus perform well when secured to a wall or fence. In courtyards where there are no borders place trellis panels in floor mounted troughs. Green walls work very well in small spaces. Sedum rooftops on sheds, bin stores, along with other covered spaces are a great way to bring in low-maintenance planting into smaller backyards.